- Farnese ancestry can be traced back to the 12th century in Rome. It was not until the reign of Alexander VI (1492-1503) that the family achieved considerable prestige thanks to the amorous liaison between the pope and Giulia Farnese. In 1534, their fortune increased when one of their own ascended the papal throne as Pope Paul III who appointed his son Pierluigi the Duke of Parma, Piacenza, and Castro (1545), the first two regions ruled by the Farnese until 1731 and the last until 1649. The family's political hegemony was strengthened further when, in 1538, Ottavio Farnese, Pierluigi's son, married Margaret of Parma, the illegitimate daughter of Emperor Charles V. The Farnese are closely tied to the history of Renaissance and Baroque art. Titian, El Greco, Annibale and Agostino Carracci, Domenichino, Francesco Mochi, andBartolomeo Schedoni are all linked to the history of their patronage.See also Urban VIII.
Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. Lilian H. Zirpolo. 2008.
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Farnese family — Italian family that ruled the duchy of Parma and Piacenza from 1545 to 1731. The family became noted for its statesmen and soldiers, especially in the 14th–15th century, as well as by contracting politically useful marriages. In 1545 Pope Paul… … Universalium
Farnese Gardens — 1761 engraving by architect Giuseppe Vasi from book 10 of his series of vedute (views) of Rome, showing the Farnese Gardens on Palatine Hill in Rome at that time. The ground floor entrance is at right, and the twin domes are above the aviaries on … Wikipedia
Farnese Cup — The Farnese Cup (Tazza Farnese) is a 2nd century BC cameo cup of Hellenistic Egypt in four layered sardonyx agate. It is 20cm wide.HistoryAfter Octavian s conquest of Egypt in 31 BC, the Farnese Cup was acquired by the Treasury of Rome. It was… … Wikipedia
Farnese ceiling, Palazzo Farnese, Rome — (c. 1597 1600) Commissioned by Cardinal Odoardo Farnese from Annibale Carracci for his newly built Palazzo Farnese in Rome. The subject of the Farnese ceiling is the loves of the gods, the inspiration for its overall arrangement being… … Dictionary of Renaissance art
Farnese — /fahrdd ne ze/, n. Alessandro /ah les sahn drddaw/, Duke of Parma, 1545 92, Italian general, statesman, and diplomat. * * * (as used in expressions) Farnese family Farnese Alessandro duke di Parma and Piacenza Isabella Farnese Alessandro Farnese… … Universalium
Farnese Diadumenos — The Farnese Diadumenos is a 1st century AD, slightly smaller than lifesize, Roman marble copy of Polyclitus s Diadumenos sculpture. Once held by the Farnese family, it is now held at the British Museum. [Accession number GR 1864.10 21.4 (Cat.… … Wikipedia
family — /fam euh lee, fam lee/, n., pl. families, adj. n. 1. parents and their children, considered as a group, whether dwelling together or not. 2. the children of one person or one couple collectively: We want a large family. 3. the spouse and children … Universalium
Farnese, Palazzo — ▪ building, Rome, Italy Rome, important example of High Renaissance architecture designed by Antonio da Sangallo and built between 1517 and 1589. In 1546, when Sangallo died, leaving the building of the palace unfinished, Michelangelo was… … Universalium
Farnese, House of — Family of Italian nobility. Originally soldiers and landholders in southern Tuscany and the Papal States, the Farnese rose to princely status after Alessandro Farnese was elected Pope Paul III (1534 1549). Pope Paul was the first post… … Historical Dictionary of Renaissance
Farnese, Alessandro, duke of Parma and Piacenza — ▪ regent of The Netherlands Introduction Italian in full Alessandro Farnese, duca di Parma e Piacenza born Aug. 27, 1545, Rome [Italy] died Dec. 3, 1592, Arras, France regent of the Netherlands (1578–92) for Philip II, the Habsburg king of… … Universalium